Tree Layout Example

A node-link tree diagram of classes in a software package hierarchy, positioned in Cartesian coordinates using Vega’s tree transform. Adjust the parameters to see layouts suitable for general trees or cluster dendrograms.

Vega JSON Specification <>

{
  "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega/v3.0.json",
  "width": 600,
  "height": 1600,
  "padding": 5,

  "signals": [
    {
      "name": "labels", "value": true,
      "bind": {"input": "checkbox"}
    },
    {
      "name": "layout", "value": "tidy",
      "bind": {"input": "radio", "options": ["tidy", "cluster"]}
    },
    {
      "name": "links", "value": "diagonal",
      "bind": {
        "input": "select",
        "options": ["line", "curve", "diagonal", "orthogonal"]
      }
    }
  ],

  "data": [
    {
      "name": "tree",
      "url": "data/flare.json",
      "transform": [
        {
          "type": "stratify",
          "key": "id",
          "parentKey": "parent"
        },
        {
          "type": "tree",
          "method": {"signal": "layout"},
          "size": [{"signal": "height"}, {"signal": "width - 100"}],
          "as": ["y", "x", "depth", "children"]
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "links",
      "source": "tree",
      "transform": [
        { "type": "treelinks", "key": "id" },
        {
          "type": "linkpath",
          "orient": "horizontal",
          "shape": {"signal": "links"}
        }
      ]
    }
  ],

  "scales": [
    {
      "name": "color",
      "type": "sequential",
      "range": {"scheme": "magma"},
      "domain": {"data": "tree", "field": "depth"},
      "zero": true
    }
  ],

  "marks": [
    {
      "type": "path",
      "from": {"data": "links"},
      "encode": {
        "update": {
          "path": {"field": "path"},
          "stroke": {"value": "#ccc"}
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "type": "symbol",
      "from": {"data": "tree"},
      "encode": {
        "enter": {
          "size": {"value": 100},
          "stroke": {"value": "#fff"}
        },
        "update": {
          "x": {"field": "x"},
          "y": {"field": "y"},
          "fill": {"scale": "color", "field": "depth"}
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "type": "text",
      "from": {"data": "tree"},
      "encode": {
        "enter": {
          "text": {"field": "name"},
          "fontSize": {"value": 9},
          "baseline": {"value": "middle"}
        },
        "update": {
          "x": {"field": "x"},
          "y": {"field": "y"},
          "dx": {"signal": "datum.children ? -7 : 7"},
          "align": {"signal": "datum.children ? 'right' : 'left'"},
          "opacity": {"signal": "labels ? 1 : 0"}
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}